Rosacea is a long-term disease that affects your skin and sometimes your eyes. It causes redness and pimples. Rosacea is most common in women and people with fair skin. It most often affects middle-aged and older adults, but can begin in childhood.
In most cases, rosacea only affects the face. Symptoms can include
- Frequent redness of the face, or flushing
- A lot of spider-like blood vessels (telangiectasias) of the face
- Acne-like skin sores that may ooze or crust
- Burning or stinging feeling in the face
- A swollen nose (called a bulbous nose)
- Thick skin, usually on the forehead, chin, and cheeks
- Red, dry, itchy eyes and sometimes vision problems
No one knows what causes rosacea, but it can be triggered by wind, hot temperatures, cold weather, specific skin products, exercise, red wine, spicy food, or other factors. You may be more likely to have it if you blush a lot or if rosacea runs in your family. There is no cure, but treatments can help. They include medicines and sometimes surgery.